History of Inventions
The ancient works of art show proof of human inventiveness. The nomenclature of the great archaeological ages — the Bronze Age, the Stone Age, and the Iron Age — are characteristic of the inventive use of stone and metal equipments. Early stone-made applications were rough, but the ends they catered for, shield and food containing, were pivotal in man’s increasing supremacy of the earth.
A lot of great significant inventions and innovations took place prior to the period marked by written history. These enlist the invention of crude tools, the emergence of faculty of speech, the discoveries in cultivation and domestication of animals, the establishment of building methods, the know how to generate and control fire, the ability to craft pottery, the evolution of simple political systems, and on top of all, the invention of the wheel.
The span of properly recorded chroniclers started with the development of writing and composition, esp. writing as a means of communication proved vital with the invention of movable type by the 15th century. Invention kept on further developing gradually over the course of written history, but because of the advent of printed material, people all over the world were able to get records of the inventions of the past to employ as a basis for further discoveries.
THE MACHINE AGE
The machine age began with the Industrial Revolution and has continued to date. Machine age has resulted from a series of inventions, such as the use of fossil fuels including coal as chief source of energy, the augmentation of metallurgical processes, particularly that of steel and aluminium, the generation of power and invention of electronic appliances, internal-combustion engine, and the experimentation of metal and cement in construction work.
Concurrent trends in the use of energy ensure to usher in a new era in human innovation. Past inventors were usually aloof and too remote to support themselves through their inventions.
In a number of cases, sometimes two people working independently may achieve the same innovation at the same time, only one was considered for the discovery. For example, the American inventors Elisha Gray and Alexander Graham Bell applied for a patent on the telephone the same day.
Similarly, distinction for the discovery of the calculus was pursued aggressively by the English scientist and mathematician Sir Isaac Newton and the German philosopher and mathematician Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz.
Today new inventions take place in big research and development institutions regulated by universities, private industries, or government agencies. Due to which attributing any invention to a single person has become rare.
Developers in advanced laboratories are often members of a project; the research and development of the project is usually the result of team work. The atomic bomb, for example, was prepared during World War II (1939-1945) under the supervision of a team of leading scientists of many nationalities who instructed a much larger group of scientists and technicians, most of whom were quite unaware of the American intentions.